Engine Oil

In combustion engines, engine oil fulfils a number of purposes. One of the most important of these is to lubricate mechanical components. Lubrication reduces friction between moving parts and keeps…
Function
In combustion engines, engine oil fulfills a number of purposes. One of the most important of these is to lubricate mechanical components. Lubrication reduces friction between moving parts and keeps wear to a minimum. Engine oil also has to cool, clean, provide protection against corrosion and seal combustion chambers. Last but not least, it is used for power transmission in hydraulic engine systems (chain tensioners, camshaft adjustment, etc.).
THE COMPOSITION OF ENGINE OIL
Depending on their type and performance, modern engine oils are based on different base oils or base oil compounds. Additives are also used which perform a variety of tasks. High-Performance engine oil can only be achieved with a balanced formula (base oil and additive components).
The composition of typical engine oil is as follows:
78% base oil
10% viscosity improvement additive (to improve flow)
3% detergent (detergent substances which clean the engine)
5% dispersant (for the suspension of dirt particles)
1% wear protection
3% other components

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